Cambodia

Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. The capital and largest city of Cambodia is Phnom Penh. Cambodia has a rich and complex history, with the ancient Khmer Empire being a significant cultural and political force in the region from the 9th to the 15th century.

Highlights


One of the most famous and iconic landmarks in Cambodia is Angkor Wat is a UNESCO World Heritage site and the largest religious monument in the world. Built in the 12th century, it is a magnificent temple complex and a symbol of Khmer architecture. Nevertheless Cambodia is a country with a rich cultural heritage and stunning natural landscapes. The capital city of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, offers a blend of historical sites, modern development, and vibrant street life. The Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, and the National Museum are popular attractions. Siem Reap located near the Angkor temples is now a popular tourist destination. Besides exploring the ancient temples, visitors can enjoy the vibrant Pub Street, traditional markets, workshops, cultural performances and museums. The nearby Tonle Sap Lake and Kulen Mountain also worth visiting. Tonle Sap is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. Kulen Mountain, is a sacred mountain and is a popular day trip destination, known for its beautiful waterfalls, ancient temples, and the “River of a Thousand Lingas,” a riverbed carved with ancient Hindu symbols. Battambang is a charming city known for its well-preserved French colonial architecture and traditional Cambodian buildings. Sihanoukville, a coastal city in Cambodia, is famous for its sandy beaches and crystal-clear waters. It serves as a gateway to several picturesque islands, including Koh Rong, Koh Rong Samloem, and Koh Ta Kiev. Cambodia is also home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.

Useful information for traveling to Cambodia


Passport and Visa requirements

To travel to Cambodia, you must have a passport with a remaining validity of at least 6 months from the date of entry into the country.

Most foreign visitors need to obtain a visa to enter Cambodia. There are several types of visas available, including tourist visas, business visas, and work visas. The tourist visa is the most common and is valid for a maximum of 30 days. You can apply for a visa at Cambodian embassies or consulates abroad or obtain a visa on arrival at international airports in Cambodia. It is possible to apply for the Tourist Visa online, directly through the official website https://www.mfaic.gov.kh/.

Vaccinations and Health Tips

There are no required vaccinations. Some recommended vaccinations include hepatitis A and B, tetanus, polio, and typhoid fever. Also, make sure to take precautions to prevent mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue by using insect repellents and wearing protective clothing.

Due to the unsafe nature of tap water, it is recommended to drink only sealed bottled water without adding ice or hot beverages. Alternatively, you can boil the water for at least 15 minutes to make it safe for consumption. It is also advised to practice good hygiene by washing or disinfecting your hands before eating. Additionally, it is recommended to consume only cooked food and fruits with peels for added safety.

Language

The official language of Cambodia is Khmer. English is also widely spoken, especially in tourist areas and by younger generations.

Currency

The official currency in Cambodia is the Cambodian riel (KHR). However the US dollar are preferred in tourist areas and hotels. It is always advisable to have some local currency for small expenses and local markets, while credit cards are generally accepted in more touristy places.

Climate and weather

Cambodia has a tropical climate with two main seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. The dry season is from November to April, while the rainy season is from May to October. The average annual temperature ranges from 27-30 degrees Celsius. During the rainy season, there can be heavy rains and thunderstorms, so it is advisable to carry an umbrella or a lightweight raincoat.

Clothing guidelines

Cambodia is a predominantly Buddhist country, so it is important to show respect for the local culture. When visiting religious sites such as temples and pagodas, appropriate clothing is required. Avoid wearing clothes that are too short, low-cut, or transparent. It is advisable to wear long pants or skirts below the knee and cover your shoulders with a scarf or a long-sleeved shirt.

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